Malmö has undergone a major transformation with architectural developments and it has attracted new biotech and IT companies and particularly students through Malmö University. Malmö has an average inhabitant age of 36. In Malmö, a seemingly simple looking residential building can boast of an abundance of smart technology such as urban wind turbines, solar panels on the roof, charging stations for electric and gas vehicles and a tower that contains the building’s energy management systems. The increasingly tech-savvy population can monitor in real-time their energy consumption on a tablet app. Malmö takes research into sustainable living to another level, with buildings that test smart solutions to reduce energy consumption with an emphasis on renewable energy. Today, one third of all electricity produced in the city is from renewable sources, with the goal of ensuring the whole city runs on renewable energy in the next fifteen years.
Malmö is a member of Eurocities which have launched the Green Digital Charter, an initiative Malmö has signed. By signing this initiative, Malmö has agreed to:
• Create an intercity partnership on Information and Communications Technologies and energy efficiency.
• Deploy five large-scale ICT pilots that address ICT’s environmental impact
• Decrease ICT’s direct carbon footprint by 30% by 2020.
The city’s green ambitions and achievements were recognized in 2013 when Malmö reached the impressive level of 98% of environmentally labelled IT products. The improved standards of green procurement of IT products introduced in 2012 is estimated to save Malmö over €500,000 every year.
Malmö’s environmental program programme (2009-2020) has the following impact goals:
• More efficient use of energy
• Conversion of transport and travel habits
• Sustainable procurement
• Reduced use of hazardous substances
• Better recycling
• Establishing a city of knowledge and innovation
• Sustainable consumption and lifestyle
• Sustainable Urban Development
As previously highlighted, Malmö has a goal of ensuring complete renewable energy implementation in the next fifteen years. This requires collaboration between a willing and able city and the expertise of the private sector regarding infrastructure and the implementation of smart solutions to complex problems. E-On and Siemens have a large presence in Malmö and have a pipeline of projects geared towards a Sustainable City. E-On is partnering with Municipality officials to determine an effective energy transformation ecosystem that incorporates a complete overhaul and replacement of existing energy systems (transformation), technology development, policy debates and discussions whilst meeting the end-user needs through green/clean energy supply.
In 2008 the Government set up a Delegation for Sustainable Cities, uniting state, business enterprise and local government as a national platform for sustainable urban development, part of the intention being to deploy investment programmes and support to encourage urban development projects which will improve the environment, reduce climate impact and facilitate Swedish exports of environmental technology.
Skanska is a city builder with a self-imposed responsibility to act and contribute to sustainable development. Its KKH building which has a hotel, a concert hall and is used by Congress utilises geothermal, wind and solar energies. Another of its building, Klipporna in Malmö-Hyllie is rated a Green building with deep green cooling and green roofs.
The biggest low-energy district is in Malmö as the city remains committed to sustainable development in the Western Harbour. The Fullriggaren project amounts to the development of the largest area in Sweden with energy efficient buildings. Here, a mixed township is under construction, with housing, offices, preschool, housing for persons with functional impairment and multi-storey car parks.